音乐家孟德尔颂

Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Barholdy

(1809.02.03 ~ 1847.11.04)

 

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  Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born, and generally known in English-speaking countries, as Felix Mendelssohn was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period.

The grandson of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, he was born to a notable Jewish family which later converted to Christianity. He was recognised early as a prodigy, but his parents were cautious and did not seek to capitalise on his abilities. Indeed his father was disinclined to allow Felix to follow a musical career until it became clear that he intended to seriously dedicate himself to it.[2]

Early success in Germany was followed by travel throughout Europe; Mendelssohn was particularly well received in England as a composer, conductor and soloist, and his ten visits there, during which many of his major works were premiered, form an important part of his adult career. His essentially conservative musical tastes however set him apart from many of his more adventurous musical contemporaries such as Liszt, Wagner and Berlioz. The Conservatoire he founded at Leipzig became a bastion of this anti-radical outlook.

Mendelssohn's work includes symphonies, concerti, oratorios, piano and chamber music. He also had an important role in the revival of interest in the music of J. S. Bach. After a long period of relative denigration due to changing musical tastes and antisemitism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, his creative originality is now being recognized and re-evaluated. He is now among the most popular composers of the Romantic era.

 

 

雅科布·路德維希·費利克斯·孟德爾頌·巴托爾迪通稱費利克斯·孟德爾頌,德國猶太作曲家,生於德國漢堡的一個富裕家庭,逝于萊比錫。孟德爾頌為德國浪漫樂派最具代表性的人物之一。

孟德爾頌是難得的全能型天才,身兼鋼琴家、指揮、作曲家、教師等多重身分。

孟德爾頌在短短38年的一生中創作極為豐富,在他活著的時候就被認為是當時作曲家中的第一人,彪羅曾稱他為莫扎特之後最完美的曲式大師。他的作品風格富於詩意,曲式完美而嚴謹,但是他的音樂還是屬於浪漫樂派,這些音樂抒情、優雅與乾淨,清楚地運用管弦樂的色彩。他的《〈仲夏夜之夢〉序曲》為浪漫主義作曲家描繪神話仙境提供了先例。他獨創了「無言歌」的鋼琴曲體裁,對於標題音樂和鋼琴藝術的發展都有著巨大的啟示價值。他的審美趣味和創作天才都深刻的影響了後來的浪漫主義音樂

主要作品有神剧《以利亚》、交響曲《蘇格蘭》、《義大利》、《宗教改革》,序曲《芬格爾山洞》、《平靜的海與幸福的航行》,小提琴協奏曲,八冊四十八首「無言歌」等。