篮 球 运 动

Basketball

篮球是一个集体运动的项目,比赛在两个球队间进行,每队由五名队员参赛,目的是要按照规则把球投入10英尺高的篮圈内(10英尺也就是3.048米) 。篮球运动是世界上很普及的运动,也是受大众欢迎的项目。

从上面把球投入篮圈才能得分;在比赛结束时得分多的一方为得胜者,但是如果在比赛结束时,双方得分相同,可以加时继续比赛。在比赛时,球在赛场内运行时,球可以的地板上反弹(称为“运球”)或者在队员间传递。 比赛时,具有破坏性的身体碰撞是非法的,如果对正在投篮的队员进行非法的身体碰撞,就会被判于罚球。规则对如何正确处理球的各种情况都有详细的规定,(也就规定了什么是违规)。

常年以来,篮球运动在投篮、传球和运球的技术上有很大的发展,而且在队员的站位方面,进攻和防守方面 都有长足的进步。一般来说,最高个儿的队员会作为中锋或者两位前锋中的一位,然而小个子、快速的队员或者组织进攻的队员则作为后卫。虽然篮球运动的规则细腻全面,但是在非正式比赛时情况却各不相同,变化多端。在世界的不少国家里,篮球是很受欢迎的一项运动,可以吸引很多的观众。

正规的篮球比赛基本是在室内的篮球比赛场地上进行;室外篮球运动也越来越在市内和农村中普及,室外篮球比赛的规则也相应比较简单一些。

 

Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of 5 players try to score points against one another by placing a ball through a 10 foot (3.048 m) high hoop (the goal) under organized rules. Basketball is one of the most popular and widely viewed sports in the world.

Points are scored by throwing (shooting) the ball through the basket from above. The team with more points at the end of the game wins, but additional time (overtime) may be issued when the scores of both teams are the same. The ball can be advanced on the court by bouncing it (dribbling) or passing it between teammates. Disruptive physical contact (foul) is penalized and free throws will be issued if the player is fouled while shooting the ball and there are restrictions on how the ball can be handled (violations).

Through time, basketball has developed to involve many common techniques of shooting, passing and dribbling, as well as players' positions, and offensive and defensive structures. Typically, the tallest members of a team will play center or one of two forward positions, while shorter players or those who possess the best ball handling skills and speed, play the guard positions. While competitive basketball is carefully regulated, numerous variations of basketball have developed for casual play. In some countries, basketball is also a popular spectator sport.

While competitive basketball is primarily an indoor sport, played on a basketball court, less regulated variations played in the outdoors have become increasingly popular among both inner city and rural groups.

Michael Jordan 迈克·乔丹